Compiled Materials for Exam
- American Society of Information Science (ASIS) 1937/35 – Due to emergence of the term information science, the name of American Documentation Institute was changed to American Society of Information Science.
- Information Today and Tomorrow (ITT) – NISSAT has been bringing out its NISSAT Newsletter — a quarterly newsletter since the beginning of the programme. Over the years, the format has undergone several revisions in keeping with the changing information scenario. Now, the contents include information on new tools and techniques, events concluded and announcements, interesting Internet sites, new database products and services. With a change in the title from 1995, Information Today & Tomorrow (ITT), the quarterly periodical is distributed free to 5000 individuals and institutions. The publication of ITT is presently suspended and the last issue published was Issues 3&4, September & December 2002.
- Applied Science and Technology Index – Industrial Art Index was the name of the Applied Science and Technology Index before 1958.
- Head Quarter of ILA is moved from Calcutta to Delhi in 1964.
- Association for Information Management (ASLIB): An exploratory conference held at Hoddesdon, Hertfordshire in 1924 resulted in a decision to form the Association of special Libraries and Information Bureau (ASLIB). In 1983, name of the Association was changed to “Association for information Management”, but as the association is well known as ASLIB, its acronym retained. (Journal of Documentation, quarterly).
- Library Association (UK) – 1877 now Known as Chartered institute of Library and Information Professionals (From 2002) 1877 (now name changed in 2002 as CILIP). CILIP was formed in 2002 by the merger of theLibrary Association (abbreviated to LA or sometimes LA UK) – founded in 1877 as a result of the first International Conference of Librarians and awarded a Royal Charter in 1898 – and the Institute of Information Scientists, founded in 1958.
- Intute is a free online service that helps to find web resources for studies and research. Intute (Established 1996) is hosted by MIMAS at The University of Manchester. Intute was closed on July 2011. Intute is funded by the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC), with support from the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC), and Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC).
- ABGILA: Annual Bulletin was started in 1949 which was continued up to 1954, and became popular as a research journal. In 1955 it became closed and in place of it, a new journal namely Journal of ILA was started. Annals, Bulletin and Granthalaya of Indian Library Association (1949 – 1953) and S. R. Ranganathan was the first editor.
- Accession List South Asia is now changed to: The South Asian Bibliographer. Accession List South Asia is published by Library of Congress Book Procurement Centre, Cairo.
- OCLC: This information network was established in 1967 in Doublin (Ohio), which has become very popular as it was used very much as a state level information network. In 1971, its name was Ohio College Library Centre, which has been changed now to Online Computer Library Centre.
- Indian National Scientific Documentation Centre (INSDOC) – National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources (NISCAIR) came into existence on 30 September 2002 with the merger of National Institute of Science Communication (NISCOM) and Indian National Scientific Documentation Centre (INSDOC). Both NISCOM and INSDOC, the two premier institutes of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), were devoted to dissemination and documentation of S&T information.
- DELNET – By giving importance and significance to this network its name has been changed from Delhi Libraries Network to DEveloping Library Network. Delhi Libraries Network was DELNET (DEveloping Library Network) is name before 1991.
- The Encyclopaedia Britannica – It was first published between 1768 and 1771 in Edinburgh, Scotland as three volumes. The encyclopaedia grew in size: the second edition was 10 volumes, and by its fourth edition (1801–1810) it had expanded to 20 volumes. Its rising stature as a scholarly work helped recruit eminent contributors, and the 9th (1875–1889) and 11th editions (1911) are landmark encyclopaedias for scholarship and literary style. Beginning with the 11th edition and its acquisition by an American firm, the Britannica shortened and simplified articles to broaden its appeal in the North American market. In 1933, the Britannica became the first encyclopaedia to adopt “continuous revision”, in which the encyclopaedia is continually reprinted and every article updated on a schedule. In March 2012, Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc. announced it would no longer continue to publish its printed editions, instead focusing on its online version, Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. Its final print edition was in 2010, a 32-volume set.
- FID – In 1937 International institute of Documentation changed to International Federation of Documentation (FID) in 1934 shifted head quatrer from Brusseles to the The Hague. FID was dissolved in the year 2002.
- VINITI – All-Union Institute of Scientific and Technical Information (USSR) (started in 1952 in Moscow, recognised in 1955. Renamed as All-Russian Institute of Scientific and Technical Information) Abstract Journal VINITI RAS (Russian Academy of Sciences).
- ISBN – A system of numbering was developed in Great Britain as a name of Standard Book Number, i.e, in short SBN. Gordon Foster is the creator of Standard Book Number. ISBN changed from 10 digits to 13 from January, 2007. In 2011 ISBN allocation office in India shifted from Kolkatta to Delhi. 10 digits from 1969 onwards did it come into operation. The official agency assigning ISBN India is National Education Resource Centre under RRRLF.
- UNESCO Public Library Manifesto: United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organizations (UNESCO) has given great importance to the Public Library service, particularly in the developing countries. The UNESCO pronounced the Public Library Manifesto in the year 1949, and revised it in 1972, in connection with the International Book Year and again revised it in t 1994. The second revision was done with the cooperation of IFLA. In the second revision, the UNESCO reiterates: “Public library shall in principle be free of change. The Public Library is the responsibility of local and national authorities. It must be supported by specific legislation, and financed by national and local governments. It is to be an essential component of a long-term strategy of improving culture”. Latest 2001.
- DESIDOC is previously known as Scientific Information Bureau (SIB). DESIDOC started functioning in 1958 as the Scientific Information Bureau (SIB) and was a division of the Defence Science Laboratory (DSL) (now called the Defence Science Centre) The DRDO library became a division of SIB in 1959. In 1967, SIB was expanded and renamed DESIDOC. DESIDOC became a DRDO laboratory on 29 July 1970. Originally functioning from the main building of Metcalfe House (a national monument), DESIDOC moved to new five-storeyed building in the same Metcalfe House complex in August 1988.
- SSDC referred to the National Documentation Centre now known as:
- MeSH was introduced in 1960, with the NLM’s own index catalogue and the subject headings of the Quarterly Cumulative Index Medicus (1940 edition) as precursors. The yearly printed version of MeSH was discontinued in 2007 and MeSH is now available online only. (Source)
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